Clues written by N. C. Dexter
HCs  |   Annual honours  |   Other competitors  |   ordStats
Show results in   All competitions   Azed   Ximenes
 Clues in
archive
First
Prizes
Other
Prizes
VHCsHCs Hons
points
First
mention
Latest
mention
Career
span
N. C. Dexter3084031237198379Feb 1957Dec 201255y 10m
 
 Clue wordAwardClueExplanation
2010-2011
2027THRENETICALVHCSuch as the recital warbled about cock-robin’s endn in anag., & lit.; ref. traditional song
2014HACKETTEVHCE.g. Whitehorn? Kath involved with the most frequent feature in The Observer, etcanag. incl. e, & lit.
2010A COMING OF AGEVHCLove a jar? Love a ciggy? When one may embrace both0 Ming, 0 fag all in ace, & lit.
2000TWO THOUSANDVHCWork out what’s Azed’s latest no.anag. incl. d, & lit.
1992FOULARDVHCWhat may become heads of ladies at upper-class do [Fr]anag. incl. l, a, u, & lit.
2009-2010
1988PERIQUEFirstPartly a pauper, I queued for possible refill of bowl. (Twist, maybe)hidden; ref. Oliver T.
1984ORWEL(L)IAN (Doublethink)VHCSuch as Napoleon, say: one the French backed on war spreading roundI le (rev.) in anag.; ref. Stalinist pig character in ‘Animal Farm’
1979FAR-OUTVHCAfter start of Feb. a change for our temperature: rather more than just ‘cool’!F + a + anag. + t
1975SEPTENTRIONALVHCPotent side of note Sir Alex almost entirely rebuilt in the Northanag. incl. n less x; ref. Man. United
1962ANADEMVHCFind, say, a head of Nero and notice me around?a N ad + me (rev.), & lit.
1949PALFRENIERVHCI could produce real fine starters for point-to-point racesanag. incl. p, r, & lit.
2008-2009
1936LITMUS TESTVHCAlkali finally settles tum upset with no end of flatulence (I told you so!)anag. incl. i less e
1918PALAMPOREVHCYou could find one from Asian realm pop off – under this?anag. incl. A, & lit.
1910BARPERSONSecondI’ll get a bit of rollicking with no spare barrel aroundanag. incl. r, b, & lit.
1908WE THREE KINGSVHCAfter the kine grew restless, the stable’s opening for usanag. + s, & lit.
2007-2008
1879LITTER BASKETVHCUntidy bit of bumf? Let’s take it right here!anag. incl. b, r, & lit.
1875GOUTTE / UPREAR (Right and Left)VHCPartial to stingo? Utterly! A nip giving us from the word go curiously rare power to elevate spiritshidden; u + anag. incl. p
1871FAIRY GOLDVHCWhat use such money if a grand or £500 end in leafy withering?anag. incl. g, LD, y, & lit.
1856LITAS (Printer’s Devilry)VHCDo paedophiles dream of seeing an under-age lo/t? Ripping! 
1853ANTIQUITARIANVHCAgainst changing ain’t I – square at heartanti + anag. incl. (s)quar(e), & lit.
1840W(I)NN(I)E-THE-POOH (Letters Latent)SecondHe won hearts of happy wee beginners, tho’ placing letters wobbly-wiseanag. incl. p, e, n, & lit.
1836POSTHASTEVHCFantastic start for Hamilton – set to finish in championship as speediest?anag. incl H, p; ref. Lewis H.
2006-2007
1831MARGINALIAVHCThey could give a reading, at the sides, in Lamia, perhapsanag. incl. r, g, & lit.; ref. Keats poem
1814HIPSTERVHCFan of Billie Holiday – still excited with her power, though the 50s are goneanag. less LL, incl. P; ref. B.H., jazz singer
1810HARE / POSEUR / SERINETTE (DLM)VHCRise at dawn – no longer dash around for rehashed breakfasts, no further fake diarising (‘Rose punctually’, e.g.) – when in trees etc songbirds follow my arrangement. 
1806INEBRIANTVHCDouble in the bar, without a modicum of H2O, could be thisanag. less H, & lit.
1804CLOTHES SENSE (Spoonerisms)VHCFear glare after onset of cataracts? Get those lenses changed!gear flair; c + anag.
1801RUSE DE GUERREVHCFor which, infantry au front being blocked, use a couple of guns derrière possibly?anag. incl. gu less l, & lit.
1797HEARTVHCEros’s target? I’m getting carried away when he takes aim right here!he a(I’m) rt, & lit.
1792APPALOOSA / ESTAMINET (Right and Left)VHCAlmost all in a racy soap op nag tipsily at ‘Time!’ closures of the Rovers Return baral(l) in a + anag.; anag. incl. e, s, n; ref. ‘Coronation Street’
1784TEARAWAYThirdOne’s needing bit of telling off and ear boxed?ear in t away, & lit.
2005-2006
1775ROUGH-AND-READYVHCWith no finishing touches added, you go and hurry work? With such an outcome!anag. less final letters
1766GEST (Printer’s Devilry)FirstPanel of jud/o OK decision and settle ‘dan’ award 
1762DUDDERYVHCWhere buyer wanting pair of breeches gets threepence out? That’s about right!r in anag. less br incl. 3 d’s, & lit.
1758BIMBETTEVHCBubbly ‘it’ babe without a scrap of acumen met hereanag. less a, & lit.
1753DIAGONALVHCAn oblong’s extremities I’d obliquely join with a lineanag. incl. o, g + a l, & lit.
1752MIDWINTERVHCNow ’tis time dormice regularly get curled upanag. of alternate letters, & lit.
1737ANIMUSVHCI am Sun mad: it’s a male characteristic being partial to females!anag.
2004-2005
1728EIDOLA def. NULLAH (Wrong Number)VHCEcstasy! Leaders of IOC ditch other lands’ athletics dreamsfirst letters; ditch
1724MONEYBAGSVHCMy bank, e.g.? So composed when a thousand’s withdrawnanag. less K, & lit.
1719ANHELATIONSecondHeal it on termination of Craven ‘A’, possibly?anag. incl. n, & lit.
1711MINUSFirstThis degree makes nudism shiveryanag. incl. d, & lit.
1702WORDSMITHERYVHCTerribly shoddy writer’ll need a bit of a miracle for a degree in thisanag. with m for d, & lit.
1700FIVE-O’CLOCK SHADOWVHCFacial hair spoils chic looks – female avowedanag. incl. f
1694MISINTERPRETVHCEnglish, met with a bit of Russian in trips abroad, fail to decipheranag. incl. E, R
1680PILLOW-CUPFirstWhat’s maybe downed before one’s about to get aloft?pillow c up, & lit; downed = filled with down
2003-2004
1667CLARINIFirstSome brass monkey about with air nil C!anag.; C = Celsius
1659SCAREDY-CATVHCOne shaking at Crecy as danger’s beginning?anag. incl. C, & lit.
1648MAGIC LANTERNFirstItem gran arranged family slides in?clan in anag., & lit.
1646BLACKVHCDeadly half back able to get English going deliriousanag. less E; ref. Jonny Wilkinson
1641GADGETEERVHCOne’s excitedly greeted introduction of gismos around onea in anag. incl. g, & lit.
1633EMPATRON / WINTERLY (Right and Left)VHCTo cheer unhappy men with a port wine? Try mixing a dash of lemon in when needing cheeranag.; anag. incl. l
1628ENCOMIONVHCIt’s encompassing foremost feature of individual on passing awayencom(passing) + i + on, & lit.
1624BELAYVHCSecure by a short line twisted round middle of cleata in dnag. incl. I, & lit.
2002-2003
1615RUGATEVHCShowing – sadly enough – initial signs of ageing? True!anag. incl. ag, & lit.
1606TEOSINTE / INTELSAT (Overlaps)VHCLent is a time for trimming long grassanag. incl. t
1593MANSUETEVHCFor this archaic adj, what’s now primarily in use? ‘Tame’, possiblyn in anag., & lit.
1589JOKESMITHVHCAnother way to put him? ‘King o’ Jest’anag. incl K, & lit.
1580MARGENT def. BEETLES (Wrong Number)VHCAs a rule, in motor transport, interior bits of bangers break downbangers; anag. in MT (for which see New SOED)
1576FACADESecondFemale, half clad, outstanding around front, with just a little behindf + ad in ace
2001-2002
1567QUEENVHCFor whom it’s now annus non ingloriosus – neque horribilisanag. & lit.; neque (Latin) = and not
1554PEARLVHCResounding clap about 3rd of March (Azed’s anniversary)r in peal
1550MEMORITERVHCBy heart being exercised more I’m not half fitter!anag. + ter
1537CAFTANFirstDress with not much leg showing – in fact possibly just a pair of anklesanag. + an, & lit.
1528STROP (Spoonerisms)VHCWeather for letting sun top right offleather for whetting; S + anag. incl. r
1519CARRY-ONVHCDodgy printing of any sequels to ‘Q’ & Co?anag. incl RR, & lit.; ref. Quiller-Couch
2000-2001
1515SNIDEVHCLike supposedly ‘silver-plated’ ware – thought mostly to be covered with tin?Sn + ide(a)
1511DEEP-SEATEDVHCOut fencing épée’s not normally so embeddedanag. in dated
1506BARE(-)BONESVHCWe’d little breadth and are persons needing middle of doublet taken inb in b are ones, & lit.
1502RAPPELSecondA tense drop from parapet possibly with lineanag., less a t, + l, & lit.
1494MARATHONVHCA run taking around a month possibly – for me!a r in anag., & lit!
1489FRONT-BENCHERVHCName for Brown – the CE, New Labour, sayn for br the CE n anag., & lit; labour (verb)
1485BOURSE / TIFOSO (Right and Left)VHCWith Footsie mostly unstable, one follows others playing a European exchange, beginning to barter Euros abroadanag. less e; b + anag.
1480SAMARITANVHCPossibly a man at the end of his tether finally rings oneI in anag. incl. s, r, & lit.
1476LIGNIPERDOUSVHCGore leads in latest polls in US: I’d fancy it’s destroying Bush, perhapsanag. incl. l, p
1467CANAPÉVHCDavenport perhaps settles end of Championship with an ace?anag.; ref. US tennis player
1999-2000
1459GREATEST (Spoonerisms)VHCIn his own opinion, clot was way way behind at Greek – endlessly confusedwhat… Clay; anag. less k + St.
1450PRETENDANTFirstHe’s hanging round on true-love’s threshold, perhapsre t in pendant, & lit.
1446NEWSPAPERDOMVHCWomen with drapes off occupy a page in the Sun etcp in anag.
1441Word containing MM displaced by a bug (Millennium Bug)VHCHandicap – Dome being constructed? For minister it’s a benefitcommendam/aphid; anag.
1439JOHN CANOEVHCWI dancing can-can? The present time knows no bounds!john, can + (N)oe(l)
1437MISTLETOEFirstAttachment to branches – uncommonly to ilex stem – yielding a kissanag. less x, & lit.
1424HEISTVHCThis breaking and entering ending in porridge?e in anag. & lit.
1419SPLODGEVHCCause of Constable, say, turning back of canvas to frontPlod + e.g. (rev.) after s, & lit.
1415MANATI (Printer’s Devilry)SecondAt mention of Pete beating best of the English? Menti/on ‘sorrows’! 
1998-1999
1411LOOK-SEEVHCDressing like goose’s? Is good possibly with this gander!comp. anag.; ref ‘What’s sauce…’
1402PENTOSE (Definition of Anagram)VHCStanding – still! – after imbibing ten liberal whiskeyspoteens; anag. in posé
1398PERMETHRINVHCTouch of rose-blight? Then prime spray with this, perhapsanag. i r, & lit.
1394BERGAMOTVHCIt makes taste of tea bag more exoticanag.
1389ALL-OVERISHSecondWhat maiden perhaps is in nervy ‘Shall I …? ’over in anag., & lit.
1387Dylan Thomas: A Child’s Christmas in Wales (Anagram)VHC‘Silly with cash a/c,’ admits rash Mandelson. 
1380RAPPORT (Misprints)VHCBill’s finding such sympathy with Tory Right and Left apparently accommodatedap. in r port; Tony
1376LOGOVHCWith tails on Boeing (Anglo) so controversial, it’s getting redesignedanag. of last letters, & lit.; ref. row over BA’s tail-fin logos
1997-1998
1360BOG-ASPHODELVHCSlough-dweller in dubiously good shape in Betjeman’s first lineanag. in B I
1355DIACATHOLICONThirdIngredients of a ‘no-ail’ chit doc concocted?anag. & lit.
1351NEATEN (Printer’s Devilry)VHCNow clinic’s dismissed obnoxious otologist, everyone feels fi/t again 
1346PHARISEEVHCThe Pentateuch primarily he’s well up inP + arise in he, & lit.
1342ALIENS / RAPINE (Right and Left)VHCSack a Pres. discounting hint of scandal in devious answer containing untruth for outsiders?anag. less s; lie in ans.
1338SMART ALECVHCOne’s clever – but always out to clash with a masteranag. less ever, & lit.
1336STOCKINGVHCTo GIs one of a couple available freely – with a pair of knickers?anag. incl. c, kn; ref WWII
1322CARPETVHCWhat’s starting price? See odds of three/one fixedanag. of p c tre a, & lit.
1316FINGERLICKIN’FirstTaste of grub in nick lifer’s found quite otherwise!anag. incl. g, & lit.
1312REST-CUREVHCPoorly creatures’ll want one?anag. less a, & lit.
1996-1997
1307AGILE (Spoonerisms)VHCIn years of life, one’s 49 – ne’er 50!fair nifty; IL in age
1303PONIARDVHCIt causes rapid suffering on being stuck inon in anag. & lit.
1294TRANSENNAThirdGrill St Anne was screened within?ran in anag. & lit.
1286CHALETVHCAlternative to hotel with a/c too spent?anag. less too, & lit.
1277NOVE(M)BER (Letters Latent)VHCNo bee, nor touch of vernal spring; no leavesanag. less no; ref. Hood’s poem ‘No!’
1268ARGIE-BARGIESecondWe find this mars the dissolution of Bigears’ marriagecomp. anag., & lit.; Di’s nickname for Charles
1264TREDRILLE / FERVOROUS (Right and Left)VHCWhat may produce deal around school? Game with three only – so game with four and over’s Outdrill in tree; anag.; so game = very spirited
1995-1996
1255CATAFALCOFirstCoach covering the last fatal tripanag. less h; & lit.
1250SONEOCARDIA (STENOCARDIA) (Ten to One)VHCOnce a road is jammed, a bypass could be its answeranag.
1242KNOCKERSVHCNaughty necklines risk ‘Coo!’, if these are silicone-enhancedcomp. anag. & lit.
1238ELASTIN (Printer’s Devilry)VHCDeciphering one memorial myopic found a real pigst/y (inscription illegible) 
1232The world is too much with us; late and soon (Anagram)VHCInn without dual rooms has to let cowshed. 
1229GRUPPETTOFirstA turn from note F, say? E up to G and rpt startanag. & lit; start vb
1216CHAPERONVHCHer pa worried, little Constance goes round with me?anag. in Con, & lit.
1212HILDINGVHCWith hazard nigh, I’d left!anag. incl. l, & lit.
1207EPOCH-MARKINGFirstChap at odds with Rome – one named Martin Luther – signalling new eraanag. + King
1203CLERICALISMVHCIn Decline and Fall, it’s i/c all crimes!anag. & lit.; ref Gibbon’s bitter anticlericalism
1994-1995
1200Nine letter word (C and T latent) (Letters Latent)FirstHutton-follower in Oval’s delirious!VOL(C)ANIS(T); anag.; see Vulcanist in Ch.; ref. L. Hutton’s record-breaking innings of 364 at the Oval in 1938
1190DENARIUSVHCPossibly Barings (bags lost!) used a fair number of asses?anag. less bags
1181SLADEFirstSemi paludal’s the term for comparable ground(palu)dal’s + e anag., & lit.
1178BOOTLEGVHCIllicit goblet o’ rum?anag. & lit.
1169BLITHE / URSINE (Right and Left)VHCFirst and foremost, Brunel built gracefully, happy in labours in edifices like PaddingtonB lithe; hidden
1165YAPSTERSecondI could make Pat start to run? Yes!anag. & lit.; ref. Postman Pat
1152PARACETAMOLVHCA recipe in a temp., high with a cold, being reduced by a degreea r in anag. less d, & lit.
1993-1994
1147MAYDAYVHCWhat can occasion this? A yard breaking cana yd in may, & lit.
1143DEATH (Printer’s Devilry)VHCMany mums roast children, though it’s only inhuman me/at butchers issueMedea
1139BENJAMINVHCIn a cold month I’m fastened up under a peak cap, perhapsben + I’m (rev.) in Jan, & lit.
1134TOVARICHVHCI could be at OR’s reunion with (hic!) drop of vodkaanag. incl. v, & lit.
1126CHEATERYVHCRogue heartlessly crafty hereat?anag. incl. c, y & lit.
1113EMPLASTRUMVHCCovering where boot’s made me rump bruised?last in anag., & lit.
1108GREENVHCCrusading re environment? I’m right in there!hidden & lit.
1992-1993
1087OLD SOLDIERSecondWhat first shows in one? Dodging drill doeso + anag. & lit.
1074DEMIREPVHCFergie, e.g., with secret spread over half the Mirror?Mir(ror) in deep
1056ENTRAIN def. ASTHORE (Wrong Number)VHCOne’s to get aboard in King’s X possibly, bidding farewell first to sweetheartsweetheart; a in anag. of in R’s ten, less s, & lit.
1052AGANIPPEVHCFor aping a poet, dash to thiscomp. anag. & lit.
1048GALLOPADEVHCAfter it’s danced, e. g. OAP’d appear all in?all in anag. & lit.
1991-1992
1043PESTO (Printer’s Devilry)VHCArabia-bound globetrotter expects belly-dancers and ho/uris – providing such entertainment! 
1034BURLAPVHCMurals must be prepared replacing paper? This could doanag. with BP for MS, & lit.
1026LET-OFFVHCChance missed by aged inside left a bit out of conditionof in anag.
1024PRESENT (3 defs + sub. ind. of wrapping) (Parcels)VHCMajor battle against Germans cut current Tory EEC revoltY(PRES ENT)RECOTE; anag.
1017SCHAPSKA / PEARMAIN (Right and Left)VHCMilitary cap Pole has issued with pack often gets blown off in the wind: take Pole’s cap a degree in round earS + anag.; ear in P MA in
1013ALVEARYVHCWhat’s early learner wanting if faced with a Latin verba L v + ear(L)y, & lit.
1990-1991
991BRASH (or BRUSH)VHCBushy tail disappearing once Ranter’s poked his head inR in bush(y) & lit.; R. one of J. Peel’s hounds
978DOUBLE-CENTURYVHCCurrent span of the newspaper cultured Boney once conned?anag. & lit.; Observer dates from Napoleonic era
974AVANT-PROPOSVHCPossibly couple of pages or so at the front for introductionvan in anag. incl. pp, & lit.
965EARBASH def. NECKLET (Wrong Number)FirstGo on an endless time after managing to collar Australiancollar; A in er(a) + bash, & lit.
943BARAGOUINVHCWith British – or French – a tabloid’s written in trendy jargona rag in B, ou + in
1989-1990
934LACE-UPSVHCThey’re beginning to undo within fifty paces if loose?u in L + anag., & lit.
930SABULOSEVHCGritty youngster in control of jumbo starts to land on single engineSabu (the Elephant Boy) + first letters
926NERDVHCOne lacking headpiece to take degree?(o)ne + r,d. & lit.; to = in contact with
922REFORMADOVHCSick of ramrod, one’s finishing?anag. + e & lit.
920CHRIST-CROSS-ROWVHCThe alphabet so cows chits struggling with 3 R’sanag. incl. r, r, r
917HOOLIGANISMVHCWhat, with no goals for English, sailing home could occasionanag. with O for E, & lit.
913ARCHIBALDVHCIt makes you crash? Bail out with seconds to go before ending up dead!anag. less s + d, & lit.
900(C)HARLATANIS(M) (Letters Latent)FirstQuack medicine? Crooked liar has bottles to flogtan in anag.
895TONE DEAFVHCOften getting a D and E confusedanag. & lit.
1988-1989
887MONSTERVHCMrs T one to Labour?anag. & lit.
874BLUESTOCKINGVHCBuckles into work – getting ‘First’ at Girton?anag. + G & lit.
869HOLD-UPSVHCGoing round on horseback, they’d make you stop with a rough order for £. s. d.ho + up in anag. & lit.
868ROLAND (2 clues + def. of contents) (Parcels)VHCWatch, from portal, tragic Hero part from Leander – so nearly getting backpatrol, Anderson; anag.; hidden; ref. Viv A. , England full-back
866NECTAREOUSVHCAres etc on U fluid like this?anag. & lit.; Greek god of war
862OFF-AND-ONVHCWith regard to frequency, starting then stopping – one has to assumeoff an don, & lit.
857REDCAP / NICETY (Right and Left)VHCRefinement may be produced by tiny touches of cosmetics, and employing rouge to add the final touch – it’ll increase charmanag. incl. c, e; red cap
853DEBACLESecondElbe, with extremes of cold, possibly needs one to break it?a in anag. incl. c, d & lit.
1987-1988
827MICKEY-TAKINGFirst(M)urine-extraction?2 meanings; ref Mickey Mouse
823SARBACANEVHCCause of a nick in bear’s bum?a can in anag., & lit.
818EMBUSQUÉVHCBit of a bolshie – me! – about service involving Queen, perhapsb me (rev) + Qu. in use & lit.
805LITOTESVHCWith this, what’s large to begin with could become so littlecomp. anag. & lit.
801LINCHETVHCForm of chine separating alternate parts of plotanag. in l,t, & lit.
788CROWVHCOne that follows a bee linei.e. C row & lit.
1986-1987
779MISSING LINKVHCSemi simian slinking up a gum tree, maybe?anag. & lit.
774VICTORINEThirdNeckwear in civet or fox?anag. & lit.
770HERMITSVHCWhat quarters theirs? Molluscan, originallyanag. incl. m, & lit.
766GUBBINSSecondBunter’s interest is awfully big bunsanag.; bunter = ragpicker
762OBELISEVHCThus mark Loeb’s translation that’s without first sign of senseanag. + s in i.e., & lit.; ref. Loeb Classical Library, etc.
757ETHEROMANIAC (Misprints)VHCJunks trafficking in more China teaanag.; junky
753SHEEPDOGVHCWith hops, e.g., one’s tailed deb aroundanag. less b, & lit.
750SALMAGUNDY (THLMAGUY/OULMAGUY) (750 themed clue)VHCGaily one leaves Randolph (finally!) with tum well treated – tasty dinneranag. less I incl. h; ref. AZ dinner at R. Hotel, Oxford
1985-1986
731STRINGVHCIt’s wound around wrapping-paper finallyr in sting, & lit.
727WELL-TO-DOFirstIt’s this Littlewoods could make youcomp. anag. & lit.
722SUPERNACULUMVHCIt’s drunk as usual upon MC introducing ‘The Queen’ – nothing left over!anag. less O round ER & lit.
714MOTEVHCLast of the endless work with so many leaves, wheeling the old barrowe tom(e) (rev.)
709GINGERVHCThe girl of girl-gent combination, both endlessly dancinggir(l)-gen(t) anag.; ref. G. Rogers
705MUSICOTHERAPYFirstWhat psychiater could effect with a trio of Moussorgsky’s?M, o, u + anag., & lit.
692FIDIBUS def. PRICKET (Wrong Number)VHCBeing holder of one, following half suck, I’d top of bowl litholder; I in f su(ck) I’d b anag. & lit.
683BANISHFirstMake inhabit abroad – it being the end of Alcibiadesanag. with s for it, & lit.
1984-1985
679ESTOVER (Printer’s Devilry)VHCVeteran go/allie’s kept now for forty years 
660Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse (Anagram)FirstEast’s trio encounter new saviour at manger 
653INTERNUNCIOVHCOne linking Innocent I with a couple of rulers abroad?anag. incl. r, u, & lit.
649AUSTRALORPVHCA free-range rural spot would satisfy meanag. & lit.
644EASY STREET (or STAPELIA)VHCWhere there’s a high rate set? Yesanag. & lit.
631INTERLOCKVHCSynchromesh e.g. of car like Citroen that’s eliminated grindinganag. less i.e., & lit.?
1983-1984
618CRETISMVHC‘Terminological inexactitude’ (coined by Mister Churchill initially)anag. incl. C & lit.; ref. Churchill
615HISTORIETTEVHC‘Shortie’ little Decline and Fall with lines omitted?anag. less ll, & lit.
610DOUBLETHINKFirstBy it ‘truth’ and ‘lie’ looked alternately interchangeableanag. of alternate letters & lit.
607CARNEYThirdSirens do so entice any crew at sea without women!anag. less W, & lit.
603FIGULINEVHCPot requiring Reardon’s extreme guile if snookeredanag. incl. (Reardo)n
600Into the jaws of Death / Into the mouth of Hell (Anagram)ThirdJonathan? How oft he doth toil! Let us fête him! 
1982-1983
572SNAKE-OILVHCSimple that doesn’t end in purge, perhaps?nake(d) in soil, & lit.
564PARAMENTVHCPierpoint’s capital skill – last word in it – was hangingamen in P art
559EMBASEVHCHumble pie of deer’s entrails ma’s beginning to bakeanag. incl. (d)ee(r), b
558MINCEMEAT (with one extra R) (Extra Letter)VHCFind me incorporated inside mater’s pie for Xmas faremate’s ; inc. in me + anag. & lit.
552NOURICE-FEEFirstTip for effective cure if one’s illanag. incl. e & lit.
538INGRAINVHCSoak rag in double dyeanag. & lit.; soak = beat
534DODGEMVHCIt’s extraordinarily odd me going round without bang in the rearg in anag. + me
1981-1982
525PABOUCHEVHCIt makes one roll about with cry of pain when applied to one’s back-sidebap (rev.) + ouch + e
517IMMORTELLEVHCRound 2000 ere it’ll wither?anag. incl. O MM, & lit.; O = round
513ETYMOLOGICONVHCGo look my note up – and figure the rootgo lo my te (rev.) + icon, & lit.
508POSTURE-MAKERVHCYou want acrobatic trouper? Ask meanag. & lit.
506ELANET (Printer’s Devilry)VHCProvost (will-exp/onent) ran these – escheating 
491SEVENTY-EIGHTVHCYet this – gramophone’s first – wobbles round still!even in anag. & lit.
478BIBLIOPEGISTVHCIn books I toil getting pages fixed? I for one, yesI in bb anag. with I for a, & lit.
1980-1981
469APLUSTREVHCAn addition, in moulded art, to trireme’s stern?plus in anag. + e, & lit.
460SWOOPVHCWhat does Owl do? Woos Pussy-cat when starting at seaanag. incl. P) ref. Lear: ‘The Owl and the Pussy-cat’
443STEEPLECROWNFirstEnter low space carelessly – and you’ll knock one off!anag. less a, & lit.
434JARDINIÈRESecond‘Grace before me?’ Ire roused in another English cricket captainanag. in Jardine
430TEGULAVHCGet climbing on hall if there’s one missing from topget (rev.) + (a)ula & lit.
423ACCOUTREVHCCoat curée, possiblyanag. & lit.; ref. deriv. in SOED: ‘prob. f. à + coustre a sacristan, who robed the clergyman’
1979-1980
419RAMILLIESVHCOne following Marlborough’s first in series of hits at courtm + tin rallies & lit.
410CUL-DE-SACFirstWhat use a 550 c.c. model here?anag. & lit.
404CANDLE-HOLDER (Spoonerisms)VHCLord C. healed struggle with Nkomo’s front: his work brings pax to the warwax to the paw; anag. incl. N; ref. L. Carrington, Rhodesia talks
397BIJOUTERIE (Misprints)VHCIle de Franceice=jewellery
388ALEXIPHARMICVHCElixir a chap needed when mad enough to hold mamba’s headanag. incl. m
384OUTSPREADINGVHCLike an old chestnut or aged pun – it’s cornycorny = tipsy
379SCYTHEMANFirstThe doddery can’t shy me!anag. & lit., Old Father Time
375SPREATHEFirstTo chap ’ee wi’ t’ sharp windang. & lit.; wind = twist
1978-1979
358UPSTART def. NON-TERM (Wrong Number)FirstOne outshining the rest, newly put in orbitrest; star in anag. & lit.
354SHEER-HULKVHCHere’s dismantled hull, docked – deck three quarters goneanag. + hul(l), (dec)k, & lit.
349ODDCOMESHORTVHCSuperfluous bit after having some edges of cloth cut upodd + anag. incl. c—h + ort & lit.
1973-1974
57MINARET (Printer’s Devilry)SecondI ran into a tree first time; examiner expressed hope I’d run into for/est 
53ALEXANDERSVHCUnusual name ex salad recipe could provideanag. incl. E.(?), n., r & lit.
1972-1973
50CORPULE(N)T (Letters Latent)VHCSuch could well turn to P.E. – or cut last bit of the mealanag. & lit.
40FANTOCCINISecondWe’d be out of action if ends of cotton tangledanag. incl. c—n & lit.
36CRUSADERVHCWithout me and others like me barbarian’d take Acreus in anag. incl. r & lit.
23SCLERODERMICVHCAs hard skin circles me, Doctor, nothing is painfulanag. incl. Dr 0
14Terrapin, hermit, elephant, armadillo, rhesus (Anagram)FirstRain-storm plashed; all animals, put hither, keep drier 
10LINGERIEVHCMen lose their head with girlie flirting in thisanag. incl. (M)en, & lit.
5SCEUOPHYLAXVHCLose a pyx and church superior has me sackedanag. incl. ch., U, & lit.
Ximenes competitions
1970-1971
1162BEAM-ENDSFirstYou may see ’em rise vertically and send A.B. reeling around’em (rev.) in anag., & lit.
1158ELEPHANT-SEALVHCYou’ll see me surface—pate all sheen—at seaanag.
1154CLARIONETVHCInstrument that’s made X ail—or C. erranag. incl. ten, & lit.; C = Chambers; ref. X’s error [see comments]
1145GENIPAPVHCWhen one’s plucked ’tis terribly appetisinganag. less ’tis, & lit.
1140CALLOUSVHCFrom a scull round at sea?anag. incl. o, & lit.
1135HILAIRE BELLOCVHCHe hymned Matilda’s sad adieu: the call “I boil here” can’t be trueanag.; ‘M.: Who told Lies …’
1131CAROUSER (Misprints)FirstCausing stir in a mini perhaps, I ought to go home in a maxitaxi; rouse in car
1127TRAYBITVHCWhat may not be converted without a scrapa in try + bit, & lit.; rugby try; 3d. bit to be withdrawn in 1971
1123MAXIMISTFirstI must take endless time with Xmas crackersanag. less e, & lit.
1119RONDE (Printer’s Devilry)VHCSay! Those who bet on Wilson o/we! Your pollsters misled usHarold W. 1970 election, T.E. Dewey, US Pres. election, 1948
1110IMPERSONATEFirstIt’s tricky to do this, says Danny, without me bra or me panties—very trickyanag. & lit.; D. la Rue
1969-1970
1106LEXICOGRAPHYSecondOpening for his XI—ploy Grace developed—was the famous Dr.’s artanag. incl. h; ref. Dr Samuel Johnson
1100BEAU(C)LER(C) (Letters Latent)ThirdIt makes poor Abel rue he had a ruddy brotheranag.; ref. Gen. 4, Wm. Rufus
1093MARTINETVHCIt heads N. in a spring month to land hereit (rev.) in Mar net (vb.), & lit.; bird
1091WENCESLASVHCSovereign appearing after blizzardous scene was round aboutanag. + L (£1), all in was, & lit.
1084ANGEL-FOODVHCOne sufficient? Sure, if you’ve a slender little figure to be held inelf in an good (= sufficient), & lit.
1080ANDROMEDASecondA constellation seen in the north or a dame deserted on the rocksanag., d. = deserted, & lit.
1076NEFAST (Misprints)VHCKicked a full-back’s head—sent offwicked; anag. incl. a f(ull-back)
1062CALLING-CRABVHCSomething found in the sea with claw—one stunted oddly—on either sideling in anag. of cla(w) + crab3 & lit.
1058Aragon, Boleyn, Seymour, Cleves, Howard, Parr (Anagram)VHCHenry—royal ram!—once wed us poor brave gals 
1968-1969
1054PINACOTHECAVHCCheap? Pretty unusual in a canvas hanging thereinin a cot (= hanging canvas bed) in anag., & lit.
1045SPLIT / MOUTH (Right and Left)VHCWhat rivers do on the Adriatic coast—there’s a coastal opening for rivers to do this2 mngs.; 2 mngs.; those who rive; Split, Yugoslavia; mouth = debouch
1032TENONER (Printer’s Devilry)SecondOf pyromaniacs was Guy Fawkes worthiest of no/ose? This whole city ablaze!Nero
1023CONSOLEVHCPlace for a key player? Perverse Insole & Co. leave one outanag. less I; Doug I., England cricket selector
1967-1968
1002PILLAGEVHCWhat’s often felt a large store gives an opening for—not-so-petty pilferinglag (= strip of felt) in pile
989GRENADINEVHCSomething needing a safety-pin in to be held—it could be a little nappyin in grenade; nappy, adj.
984Word containing a first name (Anonymous)VHCGo out after game—like those disappointed after England’s World Cup victoryP-ROGER-MAN; Hunt, footballer; def.
980OMNIBUSESSecondHeavy traffic? With us jammed in, some—around “peak”—is chaoticnib us in anag., & lit.; nib = peak
971MAGOTPIE / ANECDOTE (Right and Left)SecondI’m told there’s a terrible ending to “Circe” account (Od. X)—the old bird transforms me to a piganag. of (Circ)e, a/c, Od. ten; anag.; ref. Odyssey, book 10
967CREMOSINFirstColour of the skie, perhaps, with Morne (sic) breakinganag. & lit.; F. Q. 11, 3 “Early before the Morne with cremosin ray”
962PALINGVHCBoarding post: experienced piper reqd. Apply head of Gordonstoun (Box 51)LI in Pan G, 2 defs.
1966-1967
949BROWSINGVHCHoffers don’t object to it—nor do heifers!2 mngs; ref. Cambridge booksellers
945OBLITERATEFirst(Biol.) Treat defective end of a tubeanag. + E & lit.
941HYPODERMICVHCI make many a patient shout: Cor! My soft hide’s bruisedanag. incl. p
936MINI SKIRTSVHCThey show one skin naughtily in dress rising above stocking-topI + anag. all in trim (rev.) + s
935MALAPROPThirdShe used PREPOSITION in an abnormal way. (In the normal—a PROPOSITION)hidden, & lit.
924MIMESTER / PECULATE (Right and Left)FirstSee me take items off—take items one shouldn’t—high class in exotic “peel” act!anag. of me, r., items & lit.; U3 in anag.
920ARISTATE (Printer’s Devilry)VHCBaby-talk I hate. To he/ll, children! That, thank you, sounds better 
911DRAGONSecondOne that often walks round to ward against silver being pinchedAg in Dr on, & lit.
907SORITES (Misprints)VHCAnything but a good guzzle will rouse the sot’s irepuzzle; anag.
1965-1966
900PARAMECIA or PAREOEANSFirstWild apes are no relations of Peking ManPareoeans; anag.
898POCHARDVHCHull? Labour in—its poll takes a steep divechar in pod; ref. cup replay on polling day
890DEBENTUREFirstWithout one, rebate due with conclusion of re-exportation is lostanag. incl. n less a, & lit.
884MASHER (Printer’s Devilry)VHCHarold: “Rhodesia’s certain crooks. Hi, S. A. r/ace! Sin to deliver”H. Rhodes, bowler
878ENTOMOSTRACAVHCThe Shrimp goes a degree higher—and at once a storm explodes!anag.; ref. model Jean Shrimpton and mini-skirt
868DANDER / TOUPEE (Right and Left)VHCA wig—when you’ve nothing on top what you aim at is concealing it!—may fall from your head, making you darned embarrassed0 up in tee (= mark aimed at); anag.
864PATERNALVHCPa-pa’s pa-pa-pa?i.e. pa ternal (= threefold)
1964-1965
829FAREWELLVHCGet on to W. Shakespeare’s last lines for successfare + W + e + ll; i.e. fare well
812ABRUPT / TISANE (Right and Left)VHCShort? Yes—find the bar, and put in another order. It’s a Scotch for me—just what the doctor ordered!anag.; ’tis ane
1963-1964
800Charlemagne, Emperor of the West (Anagram)VHC… whom Leo names her great prefectPope Leo III
786METAMERES (Printer’s Devilry)VHCFull-bodied? Forgo ur/n! If fat—grave shock, etc., will decideGraves, Hock
777TAILOR-BIRDFirstFantastic warblers do it—sew leaves! Here’s one among themI in anag. less sew, & lit.
773FIT-OUTVHCFor member of the Lords, it’s coronet, ermine, etc. (Home no longer qualified for upper chamber)i.e. fit1 above out (home no longer); ref. Douglas-H.’s renunciation of peerage on appointment as PM
769PENNYVHCStamped by mint—on reverse—with name and yearnep (rev.) + n + y, & lit.
1962-1963
746INTERMIT (Printer’s Devilry)VHCGod up there? There? Snow? “No idea,” that squa/red theologian saysref. ‘Honest to God’ by Bishop J. Robinson, pub. 1963
738ANAESTHETICVHCThis causes distraught patient’s ache quietly to melt awayanag. less p, & lit.
734NASALITYVHCEnd of negotiation—one where French retire, interrupting talk—is entailed in pronouncement of de Gaulle’s “no”!lit (= bed, Fr.) in (negotiatio)n a say; French accent; resistance to UK membership of Common Market
730ARCH-PIRATEVHCRovers’ captain discovered endlessly hard ground with part iceanag. incl. har(d); ref frozen football pitches, winter of 1962/3
728ALDERMA(N) (N’s missing in def.) (Letters Latent)VHCRa-ked with beak, -early—a deal upset swallowing only half a worm(wo)rm in anag.
1961-1962
682PARAMOUR / CHIN (Right and Left)VHCPetting’s capital, with arms around one’s lover! … / … in which instance, this should be smoothP + a in armour; hidden, i.e. clean shaven
673ERISTICALVHCWhat starts engine? I sit bemused in broken-down car—a learner! My sort’s at a loss when motionlesse + anag. in anag. + L; motionless, i.e. in debate
1960-1961
604APOSTROPHISEVHCPhrase “O pot!” is another way to address a Grecian Urn, for exampleanag.; ref. Keats’ Ode
595INORNATE / OMADHAUN (Right and Left)VHCOne train shunting up and down is enough for simple idiot in his loco-mad hauntingsanag.; hidden
1959-1960
571PESTERSecondThis would annoy any fellow, a saint includedSt in peer, & lit.; osmose, morses, crosse, rosace
569PROPOSALVHCPoor sap won’t be able to make this without ending in betrothal!anag. + (betrotha)l, & lit.
1957-1958
451MEGAPODESecondHaving big feet, I’m an upholder of long dresses coming back into fashionpage2 (rev.) in mode
1956-1957
421DOVETAILVHCFeather-brush for use in the cornerdove tail; feather = birds collectively

 
HCs awarded to N. C. Dexter
Clues  |  Annual Honours   |  Other competitors

2012-2013
  2113 PICAROON
 
2011-2012
  2091 SNIFTER
  2064 COLD TURKEY
  2058 ROBUST
  2045 CATENATE
 
2010-2011
  2040 EASTER (Printer’s Devilry)
  2036 AL CONTO
  2023 CHAMBRANLE
  2012 BLOATING
  1997 FADO
 
2009-2010
  1971 WATERMANSHIP
  1967 SUBORDINATELY
  1958 HANGDOG
  1945 PRISON
 
2008-2009
  1927 TONSURE (Spoonerisms)
  1923 ELLIPTIC
  1914 VE(S)TAL (Letters Latent)
  1906 MORSE
  1897 WASH-OUT
  1893 EARTHY
 
2007-2008
  1884 FREELOADER
  1866 BINGE
  1862 UNALIKE (Spoonerisms)
  1858 HUMONGOUS
  1849 AUXESIS
  1845 UPBRAID
 
2006-2007
  1827 AMAKOSI def. DENUDED (Wrong Number)
  1823 KISS
  1818 POISSO(N) D’AVRIL (Letters Latent)
  1788 ETHEREAL OILS
 
2005-2006
  1779 NEWIE (misprint of U) (Misprints)
  1771 PARTERRE
  1750 PLOUGHMAN
  1746 ENTOMIC
  1741 LORD NELSON
  1733 PALESTRA
 
2004-2005
  1715 RELEASE / RASPING (Right and Left)
  1707 GALENA (Definition of Anagram)
  1698 CROSSTIE
  1689 SYNOD
  1685 MINO (Printer’s Devilry)
 
2003-2004
  1676 CRINGE-MAKING
  1672 IMPASTOS (Spoonerisms)
  1654 CRESCENT / ENTHRALS (Overlaps)
  1650 SAPHENA
  1637 AMNESIC
 
2002-2003
  1619 GISMO (Printer’s Devilry)
  1611 LEISLER
  1598 PHRASEMONGER
  1585 SHIATSU
  1572 SHIELD-MAY
 
2001-2002
  1563 SLYBOOTS
  1559 THEOLOGASTER
  1546 TRANSPARENT
  1533 MASTER-MARINER
  1524 INGRATITUDE
 
2000-2001
  1500 GIT (on board ship) (Ship of Fools)
  1472 TORAN (Printer’s Devilry)
 
1999-2000
  1463 REVERSIONAL
  1454 GET-UP
  1433 NEANDERTHAL
 
1998-1999
  1406 CHASSEPOT
  1372 MASTERSTROKE
  1363 MAVIN def. THONG (Wrong Number)
 
1997-1998
  1334 CATACHRESTIC
  1325 UPROOTAL
 
1996-1997
  1300 OXFORD (extra O) (Extra Letter)
  1290 NITERIE
  1284 STALE (3 defs. + sub. ind. of wrapping) (Parcels)
  1281 ABLUTOMANE
  1273 SIPOREX
  1260 OUT-AND-OUT
 
1995-1996
  1247 PREDICANT
  1225 CURRY
  1220 CASSANDRA
 
1994-1995
  1194 DONET
  1186 GRISELDA
  1180 COLD TURKEY
  1156 TERPSICHOREAN
 
1993-1994
  1130 AGRESTAL
  1128 CHRISTMAS PRESENT
  1122 BASILIAN
 
1992-1993
  1084 PIERCEABLE / SALESGIRL (DLM)
  1078 KIRBEH
  1076 PARLOUR GAMES
  1069 (P)OSTICHE (Headpieces)
  1065 TANDOORI
  1061 MAGIC
 
1991-1992
  1039 TOLERABLE
  1030 PASTILLE
  1000 ONE THOUSAND
  995 STASIMA (Printer’s Devilry)
 
1990-1991
  987 IRON CURTAIN
  982 ALMANAC
  972 Anagram of 28 letters (Anagram)
  969 BUNTER
  956 SPEAR-SIDE
  952 STAR (Spoonerisms)
  947 SHOULDER-SLIP
 
1989-1990
  939 A-PER-SE / ESCROC (Right and Left)
  908 INDIGO (Printer’s Devilry)
  904 VOETGANGER
 
1988-1989
  878 MOUSEPIECE
  849 VISITE
  840 SONDE
 
1987-1988
  835 PROSAICAL
  816 POTLACH (with extra O in word) (Extra letter)
  792 DISTHENE (Printer’s Devilry)
 
1986-1987
  783 CAMPESINO
  764 CHILDERMAS
  735 MALIGN
 
1985-1986
  718 FLO(GG)IN(G) (Letters Latent)
  712 PANTOMIME HORSE
  701 BALUSTRADE
  696 ANTIMNEMONIC
 
1984-1985
  670 TURNIP-FLEA
  666 Any word; subsidiary indication omits an animal (Beasts)
  662 BARGE-COUPLE
  657 SILLY-BILLY
  640 MACHETE
  635 ROSEMARY
 
1983-1984
  627 AMBIENT
  622 SIMP (Printer’s Devilry)
  609 LUCKY-BAG
  590 MINEVER
 
1982-1983
  576 TOP-NOTCH
  568 TETHER (Printer’s Devilry)
  556 SWEAL (Misprints)
  543 STAYING POWER
  530 PROMETAL
 
1981-1982
  521 ATTITUDINISE
  504 SIMMENTHALER
  482 BODY-SNATCHER
  473 HERRING-BONE
 
1980-1981
  464 SIMKIN
  456 BALADINE
  454 CHRISTMAS BOX
  452 DISSENTERISM
  447 URTICARIA / APOGRAPHS (Right and Left)
  439 LINGA (Printer’s Devilry)
 
1979-1980
  414 UNBOSOMER
  406 BOIL
  401 GO-AHEAD
  393 INTRACARDIAC
  371 GRADIN
 
1978-1979
  366 MONKEY-SHINE
 
1972-1973
  45 NEMORAL
  27 VINEGAR
  18 EPIGONE
  1 ORGIAST
 
Ximenes competitions
 
1970-1971
  1143 MORGIANA
  1115 FLESH-POTTERY
 
1969-1970
  1097 PANTOPHAGIST
  1071 ORACLE (Printer’s Devilry)
  1066 RAVE / PAIR (DLM)
 
1968-1969
  1049 SLANGWHANGER
  1039 TEGMEN def. LEGION (Wrong Number)
  1036 CORONETED
 
1967-1968
  1000 THOUSAND
  997 TREACLE
  993 JONATHAN
  987 THING (Printer’s Devilry)
  975 HALE
 
1966-1967
  929 AMPHITHEATRE
  916 DIAPASON
 
1965-1966
  902 WINCOPIPE
  894 WITENAGEMOT
  885 GALIMATIAS
  882 SNAPDRAGON
  873 VETERANS
  860 CORSAGE
 
1964-1965
  856 RODOMONTADE
  847 FRENETICAL
  843 PRISTINE
  839 GINGER (Printer’s Devilry)
  834 CARRIED
  832 PENNY-WISE (Misprints)
  821 SOMERSET
  817 WYLIE-COATS
  808 WAGONER
 
1963-1964
  780 NOBLEST (and Eximenamination)
  760 METAMORPHOSE
  750 SEVEN-FIFTY / CROSSWORDS (Right and Left)
 
1962-1963
  743 CHEMIST
  725 SILENUS
  721 KERB-MERCHANT
  717 STAR-MAN (Misprints)
 
1961-1962
  694 OSIRIS (Printer’s Devilry)
  686 FEMALE
  678 TESSELLATED
  664 MANIPULATE
  647 MADCAP
 
1960-1961
  638 BUREAUCRAT
  624 PSYCHIATER (DLM)
 
1959-1960
  573 SCAPEGALLOWS
  551 PITCHER
 
1958-1959
  534 RAIL-SPLITTER
  525 MORALE (Printer’s Devilry)
 


Annual Honours record of N. C. Dexter
Clues  |  HCs   |  Other competitors
YearPrizes
(1, 2, 3)
VHCsHCsPosition
2012-20130 0 1
2011-20120 0 4
2010-20110 5 5 15
2009-20101 (1, 0, 0) 5 4 8
2008-20091 (0, 1, 0) 3 6 16
2007-20081 (0, 1, 0) 6 6 7
2006-20071 (0, 0, 1) 8 4 3
2005-20061 (1, 0, 0) 6 6 6
2004-20053 (2, 1, 0) 5 5 1
2003-20042 (2, 0, 0) 6 5 6
2002-20031 (0, 1, 0) 5 5 8
2001-20021 (1, 0, 0) 5 5 9
2000-20011 (0, 1, 0) 9 2 4
1999-20003 (2, 1, 0) 6 3 2
1998-19991 (0, 1, 0) 7 3 4
1997-19982 (1, 0, 1) 8 2 2
1996-19972 (0, 1, 1) 5 6 7
1995-19963 (3, 0, 0) 7 3 2
1994-19953 (2, 1, 0) 4 4 3
1993-19940 7 3 11
1992-19931 (0, 1, 0) 4 6 13
1991-19920 6 4 8
1990-19911 (1, 0, 0) 4 7 10
1989-19901 (1, 0, 0) 8 3 2
1988-19891 (0, 1, 0) 7 3 4
1987-19881 (1, 0, 0) 5 3 5
1986-19872 (0, 1, 1) 6 3 1
1985-19863 (3, 0, 0) 5 4 3
1984-19851 (1, 0, 0) 5 6 5
1983-19843 (1, 0, 2) 3 4 2
1982-19831 (1, 0, 0) 6 5 3
1981-19820 7 3 5
1980-19812 (1, 1, 0) 4 6 4
1979-19803 (3, 0, 0) 5 5 1
1978-19791 (1, 0, 0) 2 1 15
 
1973-19741 (0, 1, 0) 1 0
1972-19732 (1, 1, 0) 5 4 1
 
Ximenes competitions
1970-19714 (4, 0, 0) 7 2 1
1969-19703 (0, 2, 1) 6 3 1
1968-19691 (0, 1, 0) 3 3 7
1967-19683 (1, 2, 0) 4 5 2
1966-19674 (2, 1, 1) 5 2 1
1965-19662 (2, 0, 0) 5 6 2
1964-19650 2 9
1963-19641 (1, 0, 0) 4 3 7
1962-19630 5 4 9
1961-19620 2 5
1960-19610 2 2
1959-19601 (0, 1, 0) 1 2
1958-19590 0 2
1957-19581 (0, 1, 0) 0 0
1956-19570 1 0